1. What to bring:
- light clothes like T-shirts and shorts (daytime)
- long trousers and long sleeved shirts in bright colour (evening and night time)
- 1 small backpack and comfortable boots for jungle treks (additional sandals for crossing the River only for explorer & observation treks)
- light and warm socks
- raincoat, plastic or waterproof bag for your personal belongings
- hut, sunglasses, sun lotion, insect repellent, toilet paper
- camera, mobilphone and cards
- light sleeping bag, mosquitonet and flashlight
- swimming suit and towel
- personal medical kit and recommended medicine like anti diarrhea medicine, dehydration salt, aspirin and antibiotic
2. Health / Risks:
- You should take out comprehensive insurance with good medical cover in advance. Please note that travel insurance is within the personal responsibility of each traveler and should cover accidents, injury or loss of personal property!
- Please consult your doctor in advance and discuss your individual medication (Tetanus and Hepatitis vaccination, anti-rabies inoculation...) and get his advice on malaria prophylaxis. Basically you should use an insect repellent all day whilst in the jungle (Deet > 40%) and wear long sleeves/trousers during sunset when the mosquitoes are at their most active. There are mosquitoes around Bukit Lawang but we have had no reports on malaria infection in recent years - but you never know...mosquitos can be dangerous in all Southeast Asia!
- You need to be fit enough for strong exercise if you plan to do treks over a few days. A general health check with your doctor is an absolute necessity before travelling to the Sumatran jungle and lies within the responsibility of each guest!
- Please note that in and around Gunung Leuser National Park you will mostly be out in the wild and that the tours arranged by EcoTravel Bukit Lawang involve certain risks and dangers. These include: traveling in mountain terrain, trekking in dense rainforest and crossing rivers; unpredictable behavior of wildlife; accidents caused by the forces of nature; accidents or illness in remote regions with little or no medical facilities and without any means of rapid or free evacuation; accidents caused by Indonesian traffic.
- You should inform the EcoTravel team about your personal health conditions like high blood pressure, allergies, operations, pregnancy and fear of special insects, heights or darkness in advance!
- In order to keep you as safe as possible you have to abide by the rules and instructions given to you by the EcoTravel team at all times. Please note that the tour operator is not liable for any damages or injuries suffered in consequence of anything, however caused, in connection with services carried out by third parties and for death or personal injury.
Tourists can get a 30-day visa on arrival at Medan airport and on any other Indonesian international airports for $25. If you want to stay longer you can get a 60-day tourist visa at the Indonesian Embassy. The exact process and documents required will vary depending on your nationality, the country you apply in and the kind of your stay in Indonesia. The validity of your passport should be 6 months from the date of arrival in Indonesia. More information in English and German language you can get online at www.indonesian-embassy.de.
Make sure in advance to arrive with enough cash in the area of Gunung Leuser National Park! There are no ATM machines in Bukit Lawang and around but it is possible to change foreign money like Euro. Note: most guesthouses do not change US-Dollars! There are plenty of cash points in Medan where you can get money with credit cards or exchange foreign currencies into Indonesian Rupiah (IDR). Note: The maximum amount you get from ATM machines is 2 Mio IDR, so you will have to make several transactions to get a higher amount! Due to frequent problems with ATM machines we recommend to take 2 -3 different credit cards with you! In Gunung-Leuser-Area around Bukit Lawang and Tangkahan you can pay with IDR only.
In Sumatra there are only two seasons, a dry and rainy season. The rainy season lasts from November up to February and the dry season from April to October, with the transition periods characterized by capricious weather occurring in the months of March and Oktober. Even in the middle of the wet season temperature could range from 23 degrees to 33 degrees Celsius, except at higher altitudes, which can be much cooler. The heaviest rainfall is usually recorded in December and January each year. But usually it is hot and humid around Bukit Lawang. It tends to rain every few days, but normally not for a very long time also in the rainy season.
6. Sumatra Facts:
- Sumatra is an island in western Indonesia. It is the largest island in entire Indonesia (two larger islands, Borneo and New Guinea, are shared between Indonesia and other countries), and the sixth largest island in the world.
- North Sumatra (Indonesian: Sumatera Utara) is a province on the Sumatra island. Its capital is Medan. The province stretches across the island of Sumatra between the Indian Ocean and the Strait Malacca. It borders Aceh province on the northwest and Riau and West Sumatra provinces in the southeast.
- The island includes more than 10 National Parks, including 3 which are listed as the Tropical Rainforest Heritage of Sumatra World Heritage Site—Gunung Leuser National Park, Kerinci Seblat National Park and Bukit Barisan Selatan National Park.
- The island is home to 201 mammal species and 580 bird species.
- Sumatra has a huge range of plant and animal species but has lost almost 50% of its tropical rainforest in the last 35 years and many species are Critically Endangered such as Sumatran Tiger, Sumatran Rhino and Sumatran Orangutan.
- The people represent many different ethnic groups, speaking 52 different languages. Most of these groups, however, share many similar traditions and the different tongues are closely related.
- 87% of Sumatrans are thought to be Muslim with 10% Christian, 2% Buddhist and 1% Hindu.
- Malay-speaking people dominate the eastern coast, while people in the southern and central interior speak languages related to Malay, such as the Lampung and Minangkabau people. The highland of northern Sumatra is inhabited by the Bataks, while the northernmost coast is dominated by Acehs. Ethnic Chinese minorities are also present in urban centers.